Today in Korean history (March 10)
Mar 10, 2017
•1864 -- Choi Je-u, founder of "Donghak" (eastern learning), a movement of farmers against the feudal system and corrupt bureaucrats in the Joseon Dynasty, is executed in Daegu. He was charged with deceiving the public with false religious theories.
The movement started in South Jeolla Province as the rural economy deteriorated from heavy taxes and the Japanese's removal of large amounts of rice from the country.
Donghak opposed the new wave of Christianity from the West and promoted Korea's indigenous theories, such as "Pungsu," divination based on topography, and "Innaecheon," a belief that an individual is equal to heaven.
•1937 -- Around 20,000 Koreans are forced to relocate to northeastern China by Japan, which colonized the Korean Peninsula from 1910 to 1945.
•1959 -- South Korean labor unions celebrate Labor Day for the first time in the country. It was later moved to May 1.
•1962 -- South Korea establishes diplomatic relations with Spain.