Today in Korean History (Sept. 11)
Sep 11, 2017
•1899 -- Korea's last kingdom, the Joseon Dynasty (1392-1910), signs a trade treaty with China's Qing Dynasty.
•1945 -- The operation of a railway line linking Seoul and Sinuiju, a border city in what is now North Korea, is stopped amid deepening enmity between the rival political forces that controlled the southern and northern parts of the Korean Peninsula. The rift started to appear shortly after the peninsula was liberated from Japanese colonial rule on Aug. 15 of that year. The political divisions eventually led to the establishment of separate governments in 1948.
The Cold War confrontation took a dramatic turn in 2000, when then President Kim Dae-jung of South Korea and North Korean leader Kim Jong-il met in Pyongyang and promised joint efforts for reconciliation and unification.
The two Koreas have since been working on opening two sets of cross-border railways and roads, including one linking Seoul and Sinuiju.
•2000 -- A North Korean delegation led by Workers' Party Secretary Kim Yong-sun arrives in Seoul. Its four-day trip followed then-President Kim Dae-jung's visit to North Korea in June of that year for the inter-Korean summit.
•2007 -- President Roh Moo-hyun stresses that a new Korean Peninsula peace arrangement to formally end the 1950-53 Korean War will be the most important agenda item at his summit talks with North Korean leader Kim Jong-il slated for Oct. 2-4 in Pyongyang.
•2008 -- The South Korean government and private companies announce a plan to invest a combined 3 trillion won to develop clean energy resources over the next five years.
•2009 -- North Korea withdraws demands for a hefty wage increase at a South Korean-run industrial park as anger brewed in the South over a deadly flash flood unleashed by the North.
•2013 -- South and North Korea agree to resume operations at a joint industrial complex in the communist country the following week, more than five months after the North unilaterally pulled out workers on April 9. The Kaesong Industrial Complex was started in 2000 after a historic summit meeting between then South and North Korean leaders. It is seen as the last-remaining major inter-Korean venture.